Scenarios for Global Aquaculture and Its Role in Human Nutrition
Global demand for freshwater and marine foods (i.e., seafood) is rising and an increasing proportion is farmed. Aquaculture encompasses a range of species and cultivation methods, resulting in diverse social, economic, nutritional, and environmental outcomes. As a result, how aquaculture develops will influence human wellbeing and environmental health outcomes. Recognition of this has spurred a push for nutrition-sensitive aquaculture, which aims to benefit public health through the production of diverse, nutrient-rich seafood and enabling equitable access.
This article explores plausible aquaculture futures and their role in nutrition security using a qualitative scenario approach. Two dimensions of economic development – the degree of globalization and the predominant economic development philosophy – bound four scenarios representing systems that are either localized or globalized, and orientated toward maximizing sectoral economic growth or to meeting environmental and equity dimensions of sustainability.
The potential contribution of aquaculture in improving nutrition security is then evaluated within each scenario. While aquaculture could be “nutrition-sensitive” under any of the scenarios, its contribution to addressing health inequities is more likely in the economic and political context of a more globally harmonized trade environment and where economic policies are oriented toward social equity and environmental sustainability.
Research news | 2021-04-15
What a “safe and just” future for people and planet means
Leading social and natural scientists present an approach to define a “safe and just corridor" while addressing the limits of our planet
Research news | 2021-04-14
Exploring a sense of belonging and care
Vanessa Masterson reflects on why learning more about people’s attachment to places can bring about important change
Research news | 2021-04-12
Watch the Nobel Prize Summit science sessions
As part of the Nobel Prize Summit Our Planet, Our Future, two digital academic science sessions will be held 27-28 April. Watch them here
Research news | 2021-04-12
Six targets for a sustainable textile industry
Combining circular economy and planetary boundaries can pave the way for a sustainable transformation of the fashion industry
Research news | 2021-04-11
Uncovering the “who” and the “what” in sustainability
Centre researcher Andrea Downing on what it takes to achieve fair and just futures
Research news | 2021-04-01
Ensuring a thriving ocean economy for everyone
Webinar on the rapidly developing scientific and policy attention associated to the ocean. Watch it here