Key references

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Biggs, R., F. R. Westley, and S. R. Carpenter. 2010. Navigating the back loop: fostering social innovation and transformation in ecosystem management. Ecology and Society 15(2):9. [online] URL:

Chapin III, F.S., S. R. Carpenter, G. P. Kofinas, C. Folke , N. Abel, W. C. Clark, P. Olsson, D. M. Stafford Smith , B. Walker, O. R. Young, F. Berkes, R. Biggs, J. M. Grove, R. L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, W. Steffen, and F. J. Swanson. 2010. Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25:241-249.

Enfors, E. 2009. Traps and transformations. Exploring the potential of water system innovations in dryland sub-Saharan Africa. Doctoral Thesis in Natural Resource Management, Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University.

Ernstson, H. 2011. Transformative collective action: a network approach to transformative change in ecosystem-based management. In: Social Networks and Natural Resource Management: Uncovering the Social Fabric of Environmental Governance. Ö. Bodin and C. Prell (eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Ernstson, H., S.E. van der Leeuw, C.L. Redman, D.J. Meffert, G. Davis, C. Alfsen, and T. Elmqvist. 2010. Urban transitions: on urbanresilience and human-dominated ecosystems. Ambio 39:531-545.

Folke, C., S. R. Carpenter, B. H. Walker, M. Scheffer, F. S. Chapin III, and J. Rockström. 2010. Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society 15(4): 20.

Folke, C., F.S. Chapin III, and P. Olsson. 2009. Transformations in social-ecological systems. In: Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. F.S. Chapin III, G.P. Kofinas and C. Folke (eds.). Springer, New York.

Gelcich S., T. Hughes, P. Olsson, C. Folke, O. Defeo, M. Fernández, S. Foale, L. H. Gunderson, C. Rodríguez-Sickert, M. Scheffer, R. S. Steneck, and J. C. Castilla. 2010. Navigating transformations in governance of Chilean marine coastal resources. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:16794—16799.

Gunderson, L and C. S. Holling (eds). 2002. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Olsson, P., Ö. Bodin, and C. Folke. 2010. Building transformative capacity in social-ecological systems: insights and challenges. In: Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance. D. Armitage and R. Plummer (eds). Springer Verlag, New York.

Olsson, P., C. Folke, V. Galaz, T. Hahn, and L. Schultz. 2007. Enhancing the fit through adaptive co-management: creating and maintaining bridging functions for matching scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve, Sweden. Ecology and Society 12 (1):

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and T. Hahn. 2004. Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape in southern Sweden. Ecology and Society 9(4): 2.

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and T. P. Hughes. 2008. Navigating the transition to ecosystem-based management of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105:9489—9494.

Olsson, P., and V. Galaz. 2009. Transitions to adaptive approaches to water management and governance in Sweden. In: Understanding Transitions in Water Management. D. Huitema and S. Meijerink (eds.). Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

Olsson, P., and V. Galaz. 2011. Social-ecological innovation and transformation. In: Social Innovation: Blurring Sector Boundaries and Challenging Institutional Arrangements. A. Nicholls and A. Murdoch (eds). Palgrave MacMillan, Basingstoke.

Olsson, P., L. H. Gunderson, S. R. Carpenter, P. Ryan, L. Lebel, C. Folke, and C. S. Holling. 2006. Shooting the rapids: navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11(1): 18. art18/.

Österblom, H, A. Gårdmark, L. Bergström, B. Müller-Karulis, C. Folke, M. Lindegren, M. Casini, P. Olsson, R. Diekmann, T. Blenckner, C. Humborg, and C. Möllmann. 2010. Making the ecosystem approach operational: can regime shifts in ecological-and governance
systems facilitate the transition? Marine Policy 34:1290-1299.

Österblom, H., and U.R. Sumaila. 2011. Toothfish crises, actor diversity and the emergence of compliance mechanisms in the Southern Ocean. Global Environmental Change 21:972-982.

Walker, B.H, C.S. Holling, S.R. Carpenter, and A. Kinzig. 2004. Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 9(2): 5.

Westley, F., P. Olsson, C. Folke, T. Homer-Dixon, H. Vredenburg, D. Loorbach, J. Thompson, M. Nilsson, E. Lambin, J. Sendzimir, B. Banarjee, V Galaz, and S. van der Leeuw. 2011. Tipping towards sustainability: emerging pathways of transformation. Ambio 40:762-780.

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