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Calderon-Contreras, R., Balvanera, P., Trimble, M., Langle-Flores, A., Jobbagy, E., Maass Moreno, M., Marcone, J., Mazzeo, N., Munoz Anaya, M.M., Ortiz-Rodriguez, I.A., Perevochtchikova, M., Avila-Foucat, S., Bonilla-Moheno, M., Clark, L.B., Equihua, M., Ayala-Orozco, B., Bueno, I., Hensler, L., Leyva Aguilera, J.C., Martinez Ramos, M., Mercon, J., Azahara Mesa-Jurado, M., Osterblom, H., Pacheco-Vega, R., Perez Alcantara, B., Perez-Maqueo, O., Porter-Bolland, L., Quijas, S., Quiroz Rosas, L.E., Rios Patron, E., Rocha-Gordo, J.C., Rojo Negrete, I.A., Piedad Romero-Duque, L., Rosell, J.A., Scheffer, M., Vazquez, L.-B., Villada Canela, M. & Velazquez, M. 2021. A regional PECS node built from place-based social-ecological sustainability research in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ecosystems and People doi.org/10.1080/26395916.2021.2000501
Sustainability requires a combination of meaningful co-production of locally relevant solutions, synthesis of insights gained across regions, and increased cooperation between science, policy and practice. The Programme for Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS) has been coordinating Place-Based Social-Ecological Sustainability Research (PBSESR) across the globe and emphasizes the need for regional scientific nodes from diverse b...
Wunderling, N., Krönke, J., Wohlfarth, V., Kohler, J., Heitzig, J., Staal, A., Willner, S., Winkelmann, R. & Donges, J.F. 2021. Modelling nonlinear dynamics of interacting tipping elements on complex networks: The PyCascades package. The European Physical Journal Special Topics 230(14–15), 3163–3176.
Tipping elements occur in various systems such as in socio-economics, ecology and the climate system. In many cases, the individual tipping elements are not independent from each other, but they interact across scales in time and space. To model systems of interacting tipping elements, we here introduce the PyCascades open source software package for studying interacting tipping elements (doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4...
Wolf, S., Pham, M., Matthews, N. & Bubeck, P. 2021. Understanding the implementation gap: policy-makers’ perceptions of ecosystem-based adaptation in Central Vietnam, Climate and Development, 13(1), 81-94.
In recent years, nature-based solutions are receiving increasing attention in the field of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation as inclusive, no regret approaches. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) can mitigate the impacts of climate change, build resilience and tackle environmental degradation thereby supporting the targets set by the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework. Despite these ben...
Stenvinkel, P., Avesani, C.M., Gordon, L.J., Schalling, M. & Shiels, P.G. 2021. Biomimetics provides lessons from nature for contemporary ways to improve human health. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science 5(1), e128.
Homo sapiens is currently living in serious disharmony with the rest of the natural world. For our species to survive, and for our well-being, we must gather knowledge from multiple perspectives and actively engage in studies of planetary health. The enormous diversity of species, one of the most striking aspects of life on our planet, provides a source of solutions that have been developed through evolution by natural selecti...
Spijkers, J., Singh, G.G., Wabnitz, C.C.C., Osterblom, H., Cumming, G.S. & Morrison, T.H. 2021. Identifying predictors of international fisheries conflict. Fish and Fisheries 22(4), 834–850.
Marine capture fishery resources are declining, and demand for them is rising. These trends are suspected to incite conflict, but their effects have not been quantitatively examined. We applied a multi-model ensemble approach to a global database of international fishery conflicts between 1974 and 2016 to test the supply-induced scarcity hypothesis (diminishing supplies of fishery resources increase fisheries conflict), the de...
Silva Junior, C.H.L., Carvalho, N.S., Pessoa, A.C.M., Reis, J.B.C., Pontes-Lopes, A., Doblas, J., Heinrich, V., Campanharo, W., Alencar, A., Silva, C., Lapola, D.M., Armenteras, D., Matricardi, E.A.T., Berenguer, E., Cassol, H., Numata, I., House, J., Ferreira, J., Barlow, J., Gatti, L., Brando, P., Fearnside, P.M., Saatchi, S., Silva, S., Sitch, S., Aguiar, A.P., Silva, C.A., Vancutsem, C., Achard, F., Beuchle, R., Shimabukuro, Y.E., Anderson, L.O. & Aragao, L.E.O.C. 2021. Amazonian forest degradation must be incorporated into the COP26 agenda. Nature Geoscience 14(9), 634–635.
Nations will reaffirm their commitment to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26; www.ukcop26.org), in Glasgow, Scotland, in November 2021. Revision of the national commitments will play a key role in defining the future of Earth’s climate. In past conferences, the main target of Amazonian nations was to reduce emissions resulting from land-use change and land ma...
Short, R.E., Gelcich, S., Little, D.C., Micheli, F., Allison, E.H., Basurto, X., Belton, B., Brugere, C., Bush, S.R., Cao, L., Crona, B., Cohen, P.J., Defeo, O., Edwards, P., Ferguson, C.E., Franz, N., Golden, C.D., Halpern, B.S., Hazen, L., Hicks, C., Johnson, D., Kaminski, A.M., Mangubhai, S., Naylor, R.L., Reantaso, M., Sumaila, U.R., Thilsted, S.H., Tigchelaar, M., Wabnitz, C.C.C. & Zhang, W. 2021. Harnessing the diversity of small-scale actors is key to the future of aquatic food systems. Nature Food 2(9), 733-741. Author Correction: Nature Food 2(10), 828.
Small-scale fisheries and aquaculture (SSFA) provide livelihoods for over 100 million people and sustenance for ~1 billion people, particularly in the Global South. Aquatic foods are distributed through diverse supply chains, with the potential to be highly adaptable to stresses and shocks, but face a growing range of threats and adaptive challenges. Contemporary governance assumes homogeneity in SSFA despite the diverse natur...
Shepon, A., Gephart, J.A., Golden, C.D., Henriksson, P.J.G., Jones, R.C., Koehn, J.Z. & Eshel, G. 2021. Exploring sustainable aquaculture development using a nutrition-sensitive approach. Global Environmental Change 69, 102285.
Micronutrient deficiencies constitute a pressing public health concern, especially in developing countries. As a dense source of bioavailable nutrients, aquatic foods can help alleviate such deficiencies. Developing aquaculture that provides critical micronutrients without sacrificing the underlying environmental resources that support these food production systems is therefore essential. Here, we address these dual challenges...
Rubio, I., Hileman, J. & Ojea, E. 2021. Social connectivity and adaptive capacity strategies in large-scale fisheries. Ecology and Society 26(2), 42.
Large-scale fisheries are important social-ecological systems that are increasingly being threatened by global climate change. Adaptive capacity is key for moving fisheries onto climate resilient pathways, however, implementing policies to improve adaptive capacity is challenging given the many diverse stakeholders involved in fisheries. Previous research suggests social networks are integral to adaptive capacity because socia...
Roth, N., Jaramillo, F., Wang-Erlandsson, L., Zamora, D., Palomino-Angel, S. & Cousins, S.A.O. 2021. A call for consistency with the terms `wetter’ and `drier’ in climate change studies. Environmental Evidence 10(1), 8.
Ongoing and future hydroclimatic changes have large environmental and societal impacts. In terrestrial ecosystems, these changes are usually described with the terms ‘wetter’ and ‘drier’, which refer to the change in the quantity and/or presence of water, either as water fluxes or stocks. We conducted a literature review of almost 500 recent climate change studies to quantitatively investigate the consistency of the use of the...
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