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Barfuss, W., Donges, J.F., Vasconcelos, V.V., Kurths, J. and Levin, S.A., 2020. Caring for the future can turn tragedy into comedy for long-term collective action under risk of collapse. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(23), pp.12915-12922.
We will need collective action to avoid catastrophic climate change, and this will require valuing the long term as well as the short term. Shortsightedness and uncertainty have hindered progress in resolving this collective action problem and have been recognized as important barriers to cooperation among humans. Here, we propose a coupled social–ecological dilemma to investigate the interdependence of three well-identified ...
Jaramillo, F., Desormeaux, A., Hedlund, J., Jawitz, J.W., Clerici, N., Piemontese, L., Rodríguez-Rodriguez, J.A., Anaya, J.A., Blanco-Libreros, J.F., Borja, S. and Celi, J., 2019. Priorities and interactions of sustainable development goals (SDGs) with focus on wetlands. Water, 11(3), p.619.
Wetlands are often vital physical and social components of a country’s natural capital, as well as providers of ecosystem services to local and national communities. We performed a network analysis to prioritize Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for sustainable development in iconic wetlands and wetlandscapes around the world. The analysis was based on the information and perceptions on 45 wetlandscapes worldwide by ...
Østhagen, A., Spijkers, J. & Totland, O.A. 2020. Collapse of cooperation? The North-Atlantic mackerel dispute and lessons for international cooperation on transboundary fish stocks. Maritime Studies 19, 155–165 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40152-020-00172-4
A changing climate will challenge the effectiveness and functioning of existing international resource management structures or international regimes. This is already evident in regimes that manage transboundary fish stocks, where rapid changes in the abundance and distribution of fishery resources threaten international cooperation. This article examines the breakdown in resource cooperation for the northeast Atlantic mackere...
Carvalho, R., de Aguiar, A.P.D. and Amaral, S., 2020. Diversity of cattle raising systems and its effects over forest regrowth in a core region of cattle production in the Brazilian Amazon. Regional Environmental Change, 20(2), pp.1-15.
Roughly 60% of all deforested lands in the Brazilian Amazon are covered with pastures, putting cattle raising in evidence as a major driver of deforestation and also of forests’ regrowth. Still, the role of cattle raising diversity in the landscape dynamics of this region remains poorly understood. To contribute to this discussion, we combined data from semi-structured interviews and quantitative spatially explicit methods to ...
Archer, E., Dziba, L.E., Mulongoy, K.J., Maoela, M.A., Walters, M., Biggs, R., Salem, M.C., DeClerck, F., Diaw, M.C., Dunham, A.E. and Failler, P., 2020. Biodiversity and ecosystem services on the African continent–What is changing, and what are our options?. Environmental Development, p.100558.
Throughout the world, biodiversity and nature's contributions to people are under threat, with clear changes evident. Biodiversity and ecosystem services have particular value in Africa– yet they are negatively impacted by a range of drivers, including land use and climate change. In this communication, we show evidence of changing biodiversity and ecosystem services in Africa, as well as the current most significant drivers ...
Wells, G., Ryan, C., Fisher, J. et al. 2020. In defence of simplified PES designs. Nat Sustain 3, 426–427 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0544-3
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) schemes are underperforming. Wunder et al. 1 conclude that this is because many projects are allowing local politics, rather than economistic theory, to dictate who participates, and how they are paid and sanctioned. While we appreciate their analysis, our view is that their work downplays key evidence about the importance of maintaining the legitimacy of PES schemes amongst local parti...
Cockburn, J., Schoon, M., Cundill, G., Robinson, C., Aburto, J.A., Alexander, S.M., Baggio, J.A., Barnaud, C., Chapman, M., Garcia Llorente, M. and García-López, G.A., 2020. Understanding the context of multifaceted collaborations for social-ecological sustainability: a methodology for cross-case analysis. Ecology and Society, 25(3).
There are limited approaches available that enable researchers and practitioners to conduct multiple case study comparisons of complex cases of collaboration in natural resource management and conservation. The absence of such tools is felt despite the fact that over the past several years a great deal of literature has reviewed the state of the science regarding collaboration. Much of this work is based on case studies of col...
Gephart, J.A., Golden, C.D., Asche, F., Belton, B., Brugere, C., Froehlich, H.E., Fry, J.P., Halpern, B.S., Hicks, C.C., Jones, R.C. and Klinger, D.H., 2020. Scenarios for global aquaculture and its role in human nutrition. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, pp.1-17.
Global demand for freshwater and marine foods (i.e., seafood) is rising and an increasing proportion is farmed. Aquaculture encompasses a range of species and cultivation methods, resulting in diverse social, economic, nutritional, and environmental outcomes. As a result, how aquaculture develops will influence human wellbeing and environmental health outcomes. Recognition of this has spurred a push for nutrition-sensitive aqu...
Rana, S., Ávila-García, D., Dib, V., Familia, L., Gerhardinger, L.C., Martin, E., Martins, P.I., Pompeu, J., Selomane, O., Tauli, J.I. and Tran, D.H., 2020. The voices of youth in envisioning positive futures for nature and people. Ecosystems and People, 16(1), pp.326-344.
The unpredictable Anthropocene poses the challenge of imagining a radically different, equitable and sustainable world. Looking 100 years ahead is not easy, and especially as millennials, it appears quite bleak. This paper is the outcome of a visioning exercise carried out in a 2-day workshop, attended by 33 young early career professionals under the auspices of IPBES. The process used Nature Futures Framework in an adapted v...
Coelho-Junior, M.G., Iwama, A.Y., González, T.S., da Silva-Neto, E.C., Araos, F., Carolino, K., Campolina, D., Nogueira, A.S., do Nascimento, V., Dos Santos, R. and Perkins, P.E., 2020. Brazil’s policies threaten Quilombola communities and their lands amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Ecosystems and People, 16(1), pp.384-386.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of people is not limited to health risks, but also to their livelihoods in nature, and consequently, to uses of ecosystems. In Brazil, among the different social groups, the quilombolas are even more threatened during the pandemic (Polidoro et al. 2020). Quilombolas are Afro-Brazilian descendants of slaves who fled slavery, and Brazilian legislation recognizes quilombola ...
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