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Harmáčková, Z. V., Pedde, S., Bullock, J. M., Dellaccio, O., Dicks, J., Linney, G., Merkle, M., Rounsevell, M. D. A., Stenning, J., Harrison, P. A. 2022. Improving regional applicability of the UK shared socioeconomic pathways through iterative participatory co-design. Climate Risk Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2022.100452
Regional analyses of risks from climate change require reproducible, consistent and robust approaches to downscaling global socioeconomic scenarios, with coherent processes that work across multiple projects and communities. We address this need by developing an iterative approach to stakeholder-based Shared Socioeconomic Pathway (SSP) downscaling and co-design, enabling us to extend SSPs while maintaining their consistency fr...
Weiskopf, S., Harmáčková, Z., Johnson, C., Londoño-Murcia, M., Miller, B., Myers, B., Pereira, L., Arce-Plata, M., Blanchard, J., Ferrier, S., Fulton, E., Harfoot, M., Isbell, F., Johnson, J., Mori, A., Weng, E., Rosa, I. 2022. Increasing the uptake of ecological model results in policy decisions to improve biodiversity outcomes. Environmental Modelling and Software. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2022.105318
Models help decision-makers anticipate the consequences of policies for ecosystems and people; for instance, improving our ability to represent interactions between human activities and ecological systems is essential to identify pathways to meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. However, use of modeling outputs in decision-making remains uncommon. We share insights from a multidisciplinary National Socio-Environmental S...
Leventon, J., Suchá, L., Nohlová, B., Vaňo, S., Harmáčková, Z. 2022. Participation as a pathway to pluralism: A critical view over diverse disciplines. Advances in Ecological Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2022.04.006
Wider participation in ecosystem governance has been called for as a means to reach pluralism in biodiversity conservation research and practice. The logical arguments given are that plurality in worldviews, priorities and values (social plurality) should be brought to the table to be reflected in decision-making, via participation. In this chapter, we give critical insight into participation as a pathway to recognizing socia...
Hoek van Dijke, A., Herold, M., Mallick, K., Benedict, I., Machwitz, M., Schlerf, M., Pranindita, A., Theeuwen, J., Bastin, J., Teuling, A. 2022. Shifts in regional water availability due to global tree restoration. Nature Geoscience. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41561-022-00935-0
Tree restoration is an effective way to store atmospheric carbon and mitigate climate change. However, large-scale tree-cover expansion has long been known to increase evaporation, leading to reduced local water availability and streamflow. More recent studies suggest that increased precipitation, through enhanced atmospheric moisture recycling, can offset this effect. Here we calculate how 900 million hectares of global tree ...
Assis, T. O., Aguiar, A. P., von Randow, C., Nobre, C. A. Projections of future forest degradation and CO2 emissions for the Brazilian Amazon. Science Advances. https://doi-org.ezproxy.its.uu.se/10.1126/sciadv.abj3309
In recent years, the area affected by forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon has frequently been higher than deforestation. From August 2006 to July 2019, the degraded area totaled 194,058 km2, representing almost two times the 99,630 km2 deforested in the same period. The impacts of degradation include biodiversity loss and changes in the carbon stocks, affecting the CO2 balance and future climate changes. This paper aims...
Silva Bezerra, F. G., Mann de Toledo, P., von Randow, C., Aguiar, A. P. et al. 2022. Spatio-temporal analysis of dynamics and future scenarios of anthropic pressure on biomes in Brazil. Ecological Indicators. https://doi-org.ezproxy.its.uu.se/10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.108749
Anthropogenic transformations, which have become intensified by land use and land cover changes and industrialization, have contributed to increased anthropogenic pressure on biodiversity. These disturbances contribute toward fragmentating habitats at different scales and putting species at risk, in addition to compromising the main biogeochemical cycles. To better understand the spatiotemporal dynamics of anthropogenic pressu...
Luthman, O., Jonell, M., Rönnbäck, P., Troell, M. 2022. Strong and weak sustainability in Nordic aquaculture policies. Aquaculture. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.737841
In this paper, we critically analyze how sustainability is considered in aquaculture policies and strategies using the Nordic countries as a case. The strong versus weak sustainability concepts are used to define and clarify what sustainability aspects are central to each state. To illustrate these concepts further, we draw on and modify four mainstream environmental discourses defined by John Dryzek and apply them to the stro...
Chambers, J., Wyborn, C., Klenk, N., Ryan, M., Serban, A., Bennett, N., Brennan, R., Charli-Joseph, L., Fernández-Giménez, M., Galvin, K., Goldstein, B., Haller, T., Hill, R., Munera, C., Nel, J., Österblom, H., Reid, R., Riechers, M., Spierenburg, M., Tengö, M., Bennett, E., Brandeis, A., Chatterton, P., Cockburn, J., Cvitanovic, C., Dumrongrojwatthana, P., Paz Durán, A., Gerber, J., Green, J., Gruby, R., Guerrero, A., Horcea-Milcu, A., Montana, J., Steyaert, P., Zaehringer, J., Bednarek, A., Curran, K., Fada, S., Hutton, J., Leimona, B., Pickering, T., Rondeau, R. 2022. Co-productive agility and four collaborative pathways to sustainability transformations. Co-productive agility and four collaborative pathways to sustainability transformations. Global Environmental Change. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102422
Co-production, the collaborative weaving of research and practice by diverse societal actors, is argued to play an important role in sustainability transformations. Yet, there is still poor understanding of how to navigate the tensions that emerge in these processes. Through analyzing 32 initiatives worldwide that co-produced knowledge and action to foster sustainable social-ecological relations, we conceptualize ‘co-productiv...
Enqvist, J. and van Oyen, W. Sustainable water tariffs and inequality in post‑drought Cape Town: exploring perceptions of fairness. Sustainability Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-022-01217-9
Fair allocation of diminishing natural resources is increasingly central to sustainability. This includes the allocation of costs related to providing access, such as dams, pipes and pumps delivering clean water. Water tariffs are often designed to both recover these costs, meet social needs of water services to the poor, and incentivise conservation in dry times. However, strained public finances, prolonged droughts and econo...
Kuiper, J. J., van Wijk, D., Mooij, W. M., Remme, R. P., Peterson, G. D., Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S., Mooij, C. J., Leltz, G. M., Pereira, L. M. 2022. Exploring desirable nature futures for Nationaal Park Hollandse Duinen. Ecosystems and People. 10.1080/26395916.2022.2065360
Achieving global sustainability goals requires most people and societies to fundamentally revisit their relationship with nature. New approaches are called for to guide change processes towards sustainable futures that embrace the plurality of people’s desired relationships with nature. This paper presents a novel approach to exploring desirable futures for nature and people that was developed through an application in Nationa...
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