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Carvalho, R., de Aguiar, A.P.D. and Amaral, S., 2020. Diversity of cattle raising systems and its effects over forest regrowth in a core region of cattle production in the Brazilian Amazon. Regional Environmental Change, 20(2), pp.1-15.
Roughly 60% of all deforested lands in the Brazilian Amazon are covered with pastures, putting cattle raising in evidence as a major driver of deforestation and also of forests’ regrowth. Still, the role of cattle raising diversity in the landscape dynamics of this region remains poorly understood. To contribute to this discussion, we combined data from semi-structured interviews and quantitative spatially explicit methods to ...
Archer, E., Dziba, L.E., Mulongoy, K.J., Maoela, M.A., Walters, M., Biggs, R., Salem, M.C., DeClerck, F., Diaw, M.C., Dunham, A.E. and Failler, P., 2020. Biodiversity and ecosystem services on the African continent–What is changing, and what are our options?. Environmental Development, p.100558.
Throughout the world, biodiversity and nature's contributions to people are under threat, with clear changes evident. Biodiversity and ecosystem services have particular value in Africa– yet they are negatively impacted by a range of drivers, including land use and climate change. In this communication, we show evidence of changing biodiversity and ecosystem services in Africa, as well as the current most significant drivers ...
Wells, G., Ryan, C., Fisher, J. et al. 2020. In defence of simplified PES designs. Nat Sustain 3, 426–427 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0544-3
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) schemes are underperforming. Wunder et al. 1 conclude that this is because many projects are allowing local politics, rather than economistic theory, to dictate who participates, and how they are paid and sanctioned. While we appreciate their analysis, our view is that their work downplays key evidence about the importance of maintaining the legitimacy of PES schemes amongst local parti...
Cockburn, J., Schoon, M., Cundill, G., Robinson, C., Aburto, J.A., Alexander, S.M., Baggio, J.A., Barnaud, C., Chapman, M., Garcia Llorente, M. and García-López, G.A., 2020. Understanding the context of multifaceted collaborations for social-ecological sustainability: a methodology for cross-case analysis. Ecology and Society, 25(3).
There are limited approaches available that enable researchers and practitioners to conduct multiple case study comparisons of complex cases of collaboration in natural resource management and conservation. The absence of such tools is felt despite the fact that over the past several years a great deal of literature has reviewed the state of the science regarding collaboration. Much of this work is based on case studies of col...
Gephart, J.A., Golden, C.D., Asche, F., Belton, B., Brugere, C., Froehlich, H.E., Fry, J.P., Halpern, B.S., Hicks, C.C., Jones, R.C. and Klinger, D.H., 2020. Scenarios for global aquaculture and its role in human nutrition. Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture, pp.1-17.
Global demand for freshwater and marine foods (i.e., seafood) is rising and an increasing proportion is farmed. Aquaculture encompasses a range of species and cultivation methods, resulting in diverse social, economic, nutritional, and environmental outcomes. As a result, how aquaculture develops will influence human wellbeing and environmental health outcomes. Recognition of this has spurred a push for nutrition-sensitive aqu...
Rana, S., Ávila-García, D., Dib, V., Familia, L., Gerhardinger, L.C., Martin, E., Martins, P.I., Pompeu, J., Selomane, O., Tauli, J.I. and Tran, D.H., 2020. The voices of youth in envisioning positive futures for nature and people. Ecosystems and People, 16(1), pp.326-344.
The unpredictable Anthropocene poses the challenge of imagining a radically different, equitable and sustainable world. Looking 100 years ahead is not easy, and especially as millennials, it appears quite bleak. This paper is the outcome of a visioning exercise carried out in a 2-day workshop, attended by 33 young early career professionals under the auspices of IPBES. The process used Nature Futures Framework in an adapted v...
Coelho-Junior, M.G., Iwama, A.Y., González, T.S., da Silva-Neto, E.C., Araos, F., Carolino, K., Campolina, D., Nogueira, A.S., do Nascimento, V., Dos Santos, R. and Perkins, P.E., 2020. Brazil’s policies threaten Quilombola communities and their lands amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Ecosystems and People, 16(1), pp.384-386.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lives of people is not limited to health risks, but also to their livelihoods in nature, and consequently, to uses of ecosystems. In Brazil, among the different social groups, the quilombolas are even more threatened during the pandemic (Polidoro et al. 2020). Quilombolas are Afro-Brazilian descendants of slaves who fled slavery, and Brazilian legislation recognizes quilombola ...
Skrimizea, E., Lecuye, L., Bunnefeld, N., Butler, J.R., Fickel, T., Hodgson, I., Holtkamp, C., Marzano, M., Parra, C., Pereira, L. and Petit, S., 2020. Sustainable agriculture: Recognizing the potential of conflict as a positive driver for transformative change. Advances in Ecological Research, pp.255-311.
Transformative changes in agriculture at multiple scales are needed to ensure sustainability, i.e. achieving food security while fostering social justice and environmental integrity. These transformations go beyond technological fixes and require fundamental changes in cognitive, relational, structural and functional aspects of agricultural systems. However, research on agricultural transformations fails to engage deeply with ...
Saraux, C., Sydeman, W.J., Piatt, J.F., Anker‐Nilssen, T., Hentati‐Sundberg, J., Bertrand, S., Cury, P.M., Furness, R.W., Mills, J.A., Österblom, H. and Passuni, G., 2020. Seabird‐induced natural mortality of forage fish varies with fish abundance: Evidence from five ecosystems. Fish and Fisheries.
Forage fish populations often undergo large and rapid fluctuations in abundance. However, most of their predators are buffered against such fluctuations owing to their slower pace of life, which allows them to maintain more stable populations, at least during short periods of food scarcity. In this study, we investigated top‐down processes exerted by seabirds on forage fish stocks in five contrasted marine ecosystems, compili...
Engström, G., Gren, Å., Li, C.Z. and Krishnamurthy, C.K.B., 2020. Valuing biodiversity and resilience: an application to pollinator diversity in the Stockholm region. Spatial Economic Analysis, 15(3), pp.238-261.
This paper characterizes the value of biodiversity and ecosystem resilience by formalizing a stochastic dynamic bioeconomic model of pollinator diversity under climate changes, with an application to oil rapeseed production in the Stockholm region of Sweden. It studies the optimal provision of semi-natural habitat for two different pollinator bee species: bumble bees and solitary wild bees. It is found that, despite being les...
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