Key references

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Berkes, F., T.P. Hughes, R.S. Steneck, J.A. Wilson, D.R. Bellwood, B. Crona, C. Folke, L.H. Gunderson, H.M. Leslie, J. Norberg, M. Nyström, P. Olsson, H. Österblom, M. Scheffer, and B. Worm. 2006. Globalization, roving bandits, and marine resources. Science

Carpenter, S. R., and W. A. Brock. 2008. Adaptive capacity and traps. Ecology and Society 13(2): 40.

Cinner, J.E., T.M. Daw, and T.R. McClanahan. 2009. Socioeconomic factors that affect artisanal fishers' readiness to exit a declining fishery. Conservation Biology 23:124—130.

Chapin, III, F.S., S.R. Carpenter, G.P. Kofinas, C. Folke, N. Abel, W.C. Clark, P. Olsson, D.M. Stafford Smith, B.H. Walker, O.R. Young, F. Berkes, R. Biggs, J.M. Grove, R.L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, W. Steffen, and F.J. Swanson. 2010. Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25:241-249.

Cinner, J.E. 2011. Social-ecological traps in reef fisheries. Global Environmental Change 21:835-839.

Cinner, J.E, C. Folke, T. Daw, and C. Hicks. 2011. Responding to change: using scenarios to understand how socioeconomic factors may influence amplifying or dampening exploitation feedbacks among Tanzanian fishers. Global Environmental Change 21:7-12.

Costanza, R., L. Graumlich, W. Steffen, C. Crumley, J. Dearing, K. Hibbard, R. Leemans, C. Redman, and D. Schimel. 2007. Sustainability or collapse: what can we learn from integrating the history of humans and the rest of nature? Ambio 36:522-527.

Crépin, A-S. 2007. Using fast and slow processes to manage resources with thresholds. Environmental and Resource Economics 36:191-213.

Crona, B., M. Nyström, C. Folke, and N. Jiddawi. 2010. Middlemen, a critical social-ecological link in coastal communities of Kenya and Zanzibar. Marine Policy 34:761-771.

Daw, T., K. Brown, S. Rosendoi, and R. Pomeroy. 2011. Applying the ecosystem services concept to poverty alleviation: the need to disaggregate human well-being. Environmental Conservation 38:370—379.

Daw, T.M., J.E. Cinner, T.R. McClanahan, K. Brown, S.M. Stead, et al. 2012. To fish or not to fish: factors at multiple scales affecting artisanal fishers´ readiness to exit a declining fishery. PLoS ONE 7(2):e31460. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031460.

Deutsch, L., S. Gräslund, C. Folke, M. Huitric, N. Kautsky, M. Troell, and L. Lebel. 2007. Feeding aquaculture growth through globalization: exploitation of marine ecosystems for fishmeal. Global Environmental Change 17:238-249.

Enfors, E., and L.J. Gordon. 2008. Dealing with drought: The challenge of using water system technologies to break dryland poverty traps. Global Environmental Change 18:607-616.

Enfors, E. 2009. Traps and transformations — exploring the potential of water system innovations in dryland sub-Saharan Africa. Ph.D. thesis in Natural Resources Management, Stockholm University. May 2009.

Graham, N.A.J., S.K. Wilson, S. Jennings, N.V.C. Polunin, J. Robinson, J.P. Bijoux, and T.M. Daw. 2007. Lag effects in the impacts of mass coral bleaching on coral reef fish, fisheries, and ecosystems. Conservation Biology 21:1291-1300.

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Norström, A.V., M. Nyström, J. Lokrantz, and C. Folke. 2009. Alternative states on coral reefs: beyond coral—macroalgal phase shifts. Marine Ecology Progress Series 376:295-306.

Nyström, M., A.V. Norström, T. Blenckner, J.S. Eklöf, C. Folke, H. Österblom, R.S. Steneck, M. Thyresson, M. de la Torre Castro, and M. Troell. In press. Redirecting feedbacks of degraded marine ecosystems. Ecosystems.

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Steneck, R.S., T.P. Hughes, J.E. Cinner, W.N. Adger, S.N. Arnold, F. Berkes, S.A. Boudreau, K. Brown, C. Folke, L.H. Gunderson, P. Olsson, M. Scheffer, E. Stephenson, B.H. Walker, J. Wilson, and B. Worm. 2011. Creation of a gilded trap by the high economic value of the
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Sterner, T., M. Troell, J. Vincent, S. Aniyar, S. Barrett, W. Brock, S.R. Carpenter, K. Chopra, P. Ehrlich, M. Hoel, S.A. Levin, K.-G. Mäler, J. Norberg, L. Pihl, T. Söderqvist, J. Wilen, and A. Xepapadeas. 2006. Quick fixes for the environment: part of the solution or part of the
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Westley, F., P. Olsson, C. Folke, T. Homer-Dixon, H. Vredenburg, D. Loorbach, J. Thompson, M. Nilsson, E. Lambin, J. Sendzimir, B. Banarjee, V. Galaz, and S. van der Leeuw. 2011. Tipping towards sustainability: emerging pathways of transformation. Ambio 40:762-

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