Planetary boundaries research

In 2009, a group of 28 internationally renowned scientists identified and quantified a set of nine planetary boundaries within which humanity can continue to develop and thrive for generations to come. Crossing these boundaries could generate abrupt or irreversible environmental changes. Respecting the boundaries reduces the risks to human society of crossing these thresholds.

In this TED talk from 2010 Johan Rockström introduces the Planetary Boundaries framework

Since the planetary boundaries were first presented in 2009, researchers from around the world have been working to advance the concept.
Read more here

Replies to criticism of the Planetary Boundaries concept

Johan Rockström: addressing some key misconceptions

Planetary Boundaries concept is valuable for policy



Read more about planetary boundaries
  • Contacts
    For direct inquiries about the planetary boundaries concept and its research, please refer to these contacts
  • Publications
    Here you can find the original articles behind the research along with related publications
  • Background
    How did the research on the planetary boundaries come about?
  • About the research
    Since the planetary boundaries were first presented in 2009, researchers from around the world have sought to advance the concept
Related info

Read the full scientific article here

Download supplementary informationPDF (pdf, 425.1 kB)

Read Nature feature article and special Planetary Boundaries section

Download Planetary Boundaries illustration JPG* (credit: Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre)

Download Planetary Boundaries illustration EPS* (credit: Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre)

*The illustration is free to use in publications, scientific or otherwise, describing the planetary boundaries concept. Correct credit is required (Azote Images/Stockholm Resilience Centre).

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