Insight #6 Knowledge systems and learning
Combining knowledge systems and promoting learning about social-ecological dynamics enhance the fit between ecosystems and institutions.
Blueprint solutions seldom work for complex social-ecological systems. Combining knowledge
systems and platforms for learning is essential in ecosystem stewardship.
The best available knowledge is not just found in scientific literature, but also among local stewards such as fishermen, farmers, birdwatchers, urban dwellers and others who interact with ecosystems on a day-to-day basis (Barthel et al. 2010, Colding et al. 2006,Colding and Folke 2009, Crona 2006, Schultz et al. 2007).
Different knowledge systems generate different insights about the dynamics of social-ecological systems (Ernstson and Sörlin 2009), and when they are combined, a richer, often surprising picture may emerge (Carpenter et al. 2009) that enables a more fine-tuned design of management (Crona 2006, Olsson and Folke 2001).
1. In practice, the combination of knowledge systems requires platforms for learning, where actors can exchange information and develop a shared understanding of the system.
2. Combining knowledge systems can create conflict and tension, and needs skilled facilitation and careful design of the learning platform.
3. Complex problem solving benefits from a diverse team of competent individuals.
4. In education for sustainability it is not sufficient to learn about ecosystems. It is just as important to gain and integrated knowledge about society and the various roles of people as consumers, voters and citizens.
5. Knowledge about complex social-ecological systems is always incomplete.
6. Local stewards hold fine-grain knowledge about ecosystems and social-ecological interactions.
7. Local ecological knowledge is embedded in social-ecological memory.
8. New information and communication technologies are revolutionizing the generation of and access to ecological data.
Management and governance of social-ecological systems needs to be ecologically informed. Ecological knowledge and understanding helps reconnect management practice, networks and institutions to stewardship of ecosystem (Berkes and Folke 1998).
Research news | 2022-08-12
What it takes to make different approaches work together
Researchers invite readers “behind the scenes” to share their experiences combining agent-based modelling and controlled behavioural experiments
Research news | 2022-08-11
Adding the technological to the social-ecological
Researchers make the case for a more systematic way of thinking when designing urban, nature-based solutions
Research news | 2022-08-05
Not only clear-cuts, but even forest degradation drives CO2 emissions
Further degradation of the Amazon rainforest can lead to enormous C02 emissions in the upcoming decades, unless it is halted soon, new study finds
Research news | 2022-08-04
Growing tree cover can boost or dwindle water availability
Tree restoration is a great way to mitigate climate change and store atmospheric carbon. But when trees are planted at a large scale, regional water availability can be seriously affected
Research news | 2022-07-05
New exhibition at Skansen open-air museum features inputs from centre
Last week, Skansen, an open-air museum in Stockholm, launched the first part of an exhibition about biodiversity with contributions by the Stockholm Resilience Centre
Research news | 2022-07-01
Human actions drastically alter river flows
Diminishing water flows may jeopardize the lives of millions of people that depend on the rivers for food production, energy or sanitation