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Elmqvist, T., W. Zipperer, B. Güneralp. 2016. Urbanization, habitat loss, biodiversity decline: Solution pathways to break the cycle. In: K.C. Seto, W.D. Solecki, C.A. Griffith (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Urbanization and Global Environmental Change. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon, UK, pp.139 – 151.
The interactions between urbanization with biodiversity and ecosystem services that take place defy simple generalizations. There is increasing evidence for the negative impacts of urbanization on biodiversity, most directly in the form of habitat loss and fragmentation. Recent forecasts suggest that the amount of urban land near protected areas is expected to increase, on average, by more than three times between 2000 and 203...
Lindgren, E., T. Elmqvist. 2016. Ecosystem services and human health. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science.doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.86.
Ecosystem services refer to benefits for human societies and well-being obtained from ecosystems. Research on health effects of ecosystem services have until recently mostly focused on beneficial effects on physical and mental health from spending time in nature or having access to urban green space. However, nearly all of the different ecosystem services may have impacts on health, either directly or indirectly. Ecosystem ser...
McPhearson, T., Pickett, S.T.A, Grimm, N.B, et.al. 2016. Advancing urban ecology toward a science of cities. Bioscience, first published online February 24, 2016 doi:10.1093/biosci/biw002
Urban ecology is a field encompassing multiple disciplines and practical applications and has grown rapidly. However, the field is heterogeneous as a global inquiry with multiple theoretical and conceptual frameworks, variable research approaches, and a lack of coordination among multiple schools of thought and research foci. Here, we present an international consensus on how urban ecology can advance along multiple research d...
Elmqvist, T., E. Gómez-Baggethun, J Langemeyer. 2015. Ecosystem services from green infrastructure in cities. In: Potschin, M., R. Haines-Young, R. Fish, R.K. Turner (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services, Routledge, Oxford, UK pp. 452–468
The idea that nature provides services to people is one of the most powerful concepts to have emerged over the last two decades. It is shaping our understanding of the role that biodiverse ecosystems play in the environment and their benefits for humankind. As a result, there is a growing interest in operational and methodological issues surrounding ecosystem services amongst environmental managers, and many institutions are n...
Journal / article
Takeuchi, K., K. Ichikawa, T. Elmqvist. Satoyama landscape as social–ecological system: historical changes and future perspective. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2015.11.001
Many production landscapes around the world have been sustained through appropriate use and management of natural resources, but many are now facing overuse or underuse. This paper explores future perspectives on the satoyama landscape (traditional Japanese rural landscape) as a social–ecological system through an overview of its transformation. Two phases in the human–nature relationship are observed: before the fossil ...
McPhearson, T., E. Andersson, T. Elmqvist, N. Frantzeskaki. 2015. Resilience of and through urban ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 12: 152–156.
Cities and urban areas are critical components of global sustainability as loci of sustainability progress and drivers of global transformation, especially in terms of energy efficiency, climate change adaptation, and social innovation. However, urban ecosystems have not been incorporated adequately into urban governance and planning for resilience despite mounting evidence that urban resident health and wellbeing is closely t...
Kremer, P., E. Andersson, T. McPhearson, T. Elmqvist. 2015. Advancing the frontier of urban ecosystem services research. Ecosystem Services 12: 149–151.
This special section in Ecosystem Services presents multiple approaches to better incorporate societal dimensions in urban ecosystem services research. It explores: (1) How the ecosystem services approach might be expanded and provide important bridges to achieve urban sustainability and resilience (2) Specifically how cultural ecosystem services in urban areas may represent a key to valuation, improvement and preservation ...
Guerry, A.D., S. Polasky, J. Lubchenco, R. Chaplin-Kramer, G.C. Daily, R. Griffin, M. Ruckelshaus, I.J. Bateman, A. Duraiappah, T. Elmqvist, M.W. Feldman, C. Folke, J. Hoekstra, P.M. Kareiva, B.L. Keeler, S. Li, E. McKenzie, Z. Ouyang, B. Reyers, T.H. Ricketts, J. Rockström, H. Tallis, B. Vira. 2015. Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 112: 7348–7355
The central challenge of the 21st century is to develop economic, social, and governance systems capable of ending poverty and achieving sustainable levels of population and consumption while securing the life-support systems underpinning current and future human well-being. Essential to meeting this challenge is the incorporation of natural capital and the ecosystem services it provides into decision-making. We explore prog...
Elmqvist, T., H. Setälä, S.N. Handel, S. van der Ploeg, J. Aronson, J.N. Blignaut, E. Gómez-Baggethun, D.J. Nowak, J. Kronenberg, R. de Groot. 2015. Benefits of restoring ecosystem services in urban areas. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 14: 101–108
Cities are a key nexus of the relationship between people and nature and are huge centers of demand for ecosystem services and also generate extremely large environmental impacts. Current projections of rapid expansion of urban areas present fundamental challenges and also opportunities to design more livable, healthy and resilient cities (e.g. adaptation to climate change effects). We present the results of an analysis of b...
Journal / article
Takeuchi, K., T. Elmqvist, M. Hatakeyama, J. Kauffman, N. Turner, D. Zhou. 2014. Using sustainability science to analyse social-ecological restoration in NE Japan after the great earthquake and tsunami of 2011. Sustainability Science 9(4): 513-526.
In the wake of the catastrophic earthquake and tsunami that devastated part of northeastern Japan in March 2011, proposals for reconstruction and rehabilitation are still subjects of debate. The claim by many climate scientists that large-scale extreme events can be expected in the future, with similar catastrophic effects in coastal areas, suggests the need for long-term planning that aims at building resilience, the ability ...
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