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Journal / article
Galaz, V., Crona, B., Dauriach, A., Jouffray, J-B., Österblom, H., and Fichtner, J. 2018. Tax havens and global environmental degradation. Nature Ecology and Evolution (Perspective). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0497-3
The release of classified documents in the past years have offered a rare glimpse into the opaque world of tax havens and their role in the global economy. Although the political, economic and social implications related to these financial secrecy jurisdictions are known, their role in supporting economic activities with potentially detrimental environmental consequences have until now been largely ignored. Here, we combine qu...
Bodin Ö., B.I. Crona. 2017. Social Networks: Uncovering Social–Ecological (Mis)matches in Heterogeneous Marine Landscapes. In: Gergel S., M. Turner. (Eds.) Learning Landscape Ecology. Springer, New York, NY pp 325-340. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-6374-4_20
Ecological and socioeconomic processes often operate over different spatial and temporal scales. This can lead to increased risks of resource misuse and overexploitation if management is not well aligned with ecological processes operating in the landscape. One important way to ensure better alignment of social and ecological processes is through improved communication among relevant stakeholders operating at different scales ...
Journal / article
Stoll, J.S., E. Fuller, B.I. Crona. 2017. Uneven adaptive capacity among fishers in a sea of change. Plos One 12(6): e0178266.
Fishers worldwide operate in an environment of uncertainty and constant change. Their ability to manage risk associated with such uncertainty and subsequently adapt to change is largely a function of individual circumstances, including their access to different fisheries. However, explicit attention to the heterogeneity of fishers’ connections to fisheries at the level of the individual has been largely ignored. We illustrate ...
Kininmonth, S., B. Crona, Ö. Bodin, I. Vaccaro, L.J. Chapman, C.A. Chapman. 2017. Microeconomic relationships between and among fishers and traders influence the ability to respond to social-ecological changes in a small-scale fishery. Ecology and Society 22(2): 26.
Understanding the cross-scale nature of how natural resource trading links to local extraction patterns remains a topic of great relevance to stewardship and sustainable use of ecological systems. Microeconomic influences on a society’s pattern of small-scale natural resources utilization can exacerbate resource overuse, especially under increased population pressure. In many rural communities that are based on a limited diver...
Purcell, S.W., Crona, B.I., Lalavanua W., Eriksson, H. 2017. Distribution of economic returns in small-scale fisheries for international markets: A value-chain analysis. Marine Policy Volume 86, December 2017, Pages 9-16 DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.09.001
Small-scale fishers are often believed to receive marginal earnings for seafood relative to other value- chain actors but proportionate incomes across different traded species are rarely compared. This study compares value chains for 15 species of sea cucumbers between Fiji and Kiribati using data collected on sale prices of dried products (bêche-de-mer) from fishers to middlemen and exporters, export prices and market retail ...
Gordon, L., Bignet, V., Crona, B. et.al. 2017. Rewiring food systems to enhance human health and biosphere stewardship. Environ. Res. Lett. 12 100201
Food lies at the heart of both health and sustainability challenges. We use a social-ecological framework to illustrate how major changes to the volume, nutrition and safety of food systems between 1961 and today impact health and sustainability. These changes have almost halved undernutrition while doubling the proportion who are overweight. They have also resulted in reduced resilience of the biosphere, pushing four out of s...
Österblom, H., B.I. Crona, C. Folke, M. Nyström, M. Troell. 2017. Marine ecosystem science on an intertwined planet. Ecosystems doi:10.1007/s10021-016-9998-6.
Marine ecosystem science has developed since the 1940s, when humans obtained the ability to spend substantial time underneath the surface of the ocean. Since then, and drawing on several decades of scientific advances, a number of exciting research frontiers have emerged. We find: Understanding interacting drivers of change, Identifying thresholds in ecosystems, and Investigating social-ecological dynamics to represent particu...
Drury O'Neill, E. D., Crona, B. 2017. Assistance networks in seafood trade – A means to assess benefit distribution in small-scale fisheries. Marine Policy. Volume 78, April 2017, Pages 196–205. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.01.025
This article addresses the connections between value chain actors in the tropical-marine small-scale fisheries of Zanzibar, Tanzania, to contribute to a better understanding of the fisher-trader link and how connections in general might feed into livelihood security. A sample of 168 fishers and 130 traders was taken across 8 sites through questionnaires and observations. The small-scale fishery system is mapped using a value c...
Journal / article
Crona, B., Gelcich, S., Bodin, Ö. 2016. The Importance of Interplay Between Leadership and Social Capital in Shaping Outcomes of Rights-Based Fisheries Governance. World Development Volume 91: 70 – 83
This paper aims to move the theoretical and empirical work on the role of social capital and leadership in natural resource governance (particularly fisheries) forward by deepening the discussion around the conceptualization and operationalization of social capital. We also extend empirical work on TURF performance by examining multiple social and ecological outcomes. We put forth four theoretically informed propositions about...
Garavito-Bermúdez, D., C. Lundholm, B. Crona. 2016. Linking a conceptual framework on systems thinking with experiential knowledge. Environmental Education Research 22: 89 – 110
This paper addresses a systemic approach for the study of fishers’ ecological knowledge in order to describe fishers’ ways of knowing and dealing with complexity in ecosystems, and discusses how knowledge is generated through, e.g. apprenticeship, experiential knowledge, and testing of hypotheses. The description and analysis of fishers’ ecological knowledge has been done using the Structure – Dynamics–Functions conceptual...
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