Orach is a postdoctoral researcher studying mechanisms of change in governance of social ecological systems (SES). Particularly, he aims to contribute to the middle-range theory of SES governance by analyzing and comparing cases of fisheries policy change and establishing causal mechanisms that give rise to policy adaptation across cases. He uses a combination of comparative approaches and agent-based modelling to identify, test and refine key factors and mechanisms influencing adaptive policy change in fisheries governance.
In his work Orach builds upon his PhD thesis, which was dedicated to the role of interest groups and interest coalitions in fisheries policy change, with the focus on the case of 2013 EU Common Fisheries Policy reform. Orach’s work highlights complex adaptive nature of the environmental policy process and the diffuse mechanisms through which information about environmental crises can find its way on the political agenda. During his PhD Orach applied qualitative case study methods (process tracing, content analysis) as well as agent-based modelling.
Orach holds a MSc in International Administration and Global Governance from the University of Gothenburg. His Master research focused on decentralization in biodiversity governance and the role democratic institutions play in the process of power sharing in natural resource management. Orach also has a MSc in International Economic Relations from V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine.
Orach is a member of:
Research news | 2017-10-11
How pro-environmental interest groups were able to push for reforms of the EU Common Fisheries Policy
Research news | 2016-10-07
Better representation of human behaviour needed in models of social-ecological systems
Research news | 2016-08-25
New study provides a guide for social-ecological researchers to better include policy science in their work
Research news | 2015-08-26
How humans matter for ecological regime shifts
2017 - Journal / article
Adaptation of environmental policies to often unexpected crises is an important function of sustainable governance arrangements. However the relationship between environmental change and policy is complicated. Much research has focused on understanding institutional dynamics or the role of specific participants in the policy process. This paper draws attention to interest groups and the mechanism through which they influence p...
2017 - Journal / article
Formal models are commonly used in natural resource management (NRM) to study human-environment interactions and inform policy making. In the majority of applications, human behaviour is represented by the rational actor model despite growing empirical evidence of its shortcomings in NRM contexts. While the importance of accounting for the complexity of human behaviour is increasingly recognized, its integration into formal mo...
2016 - Journal / article
Research on the governance of social-ecological systems often emphasizes the need for self-organized, flexible and adaptive arrangements to deal with uncertainty, abrupt change and surprises that are characteristic of social-ecological systems. However, adaptive governance as well as transitions toward alternative forms of governance are embedded in politics and it is often the political processes that determine change and sta...
2015 - Journal / article
"Natural resource management is people management" is a cliché, but the effects of human behavior on the condition of natural resources, and vice versa, are often still not sufficiently acknowledged when modeling and managing natural resources. We constructed an empirically parameterized model of the boom and collapse of Baltic cod fisheries in the 1980s that explicitly took these two-way interactions between human action and...