We address questions related how we build resilience in global food systems and how to bring about large scale transformation of these systems
One of the greatest challenges of our time is how to produce healthy food for a growing world population without increasing the pressure on the planet’s ecosystems or eroding other functions. This is much about how we adjust our resource use to existing planetary boundaries and reverse ongoing trends of homogenization and instead strive for multifunctionality.
Within this multi-disciplinary theme, we address questions related how we build resilience in global food systems and how to bring about large scale transformation of these interconnected systems. We also look more broadly at how resource consumption and recognition of multiple values could become a driver of positive change in support systems and what market-based mechanisms and other policy tools exist for changing human preferences and behaviour. “
Other aspects we look at include:
- how to navigate trade-offs in and across multifunctional landscapes/seascapes to accomplish good stewardship
- how to manage resources in a time with increasing scales, speed and connectivity;
- how agriculture biodiversity relates to poverty
- relationship between human health, environmental health and food systems
- power structures and relations within the food system and its relationship to multi functionality and stewardship
Research news | 2016-10-12
A researcher's road trip on dusty roads, sleeping on floor mats and gathering data on a quest to halt desertification across the Sahel region
Research news | 2016-08-29
Why global agriculture must become key contributor to sustainable development rather than largest driver of environmental change
Research news | 2016-06-21
Third annual forum presents exciting new partnerships and initiatives
Research news | 2016-06-14
A new EAT-Lancet commission launched to tackle the global food system’s role in malnutrition and global change
Research news | 2016-05-16
New study presents first suitability analysis for water harvesting in Ethiopia
Research news | 2016-04-19
Announcing Global Sustainability, a new Open Access launch from Cambridge
2016 - Journal / article
Extreme rainfall variability has been one of the major factors to famine and environmental degradation in Ethiopia. The potential for water harvesting in the Upper Blue Nile Basin was assessed using two GIS-based Multicriteria Evaluation methods: (1) a Boolean approach to locate suitable areas for in situ and ex situ systems and (2) a weighted overlay analysis to classify suitable areas into different water harvesting suitability levels. The sensitivity of the results was analyzed to the influence given to different constraining factors. A large part of the basin was suitable for water harvesting: the Boolean analysis showed that 36% of the basin was suitable for in situ and ex situ systems, while the weighted overlay analysis showed that 6–24% of the basin was highly suitable. Rainfall has the highest influence on suitability for water harvesting. Implementing water harvesting in nonagricultural land use types may further increase the benefit. Assessing water harvesting suitability at the larger catchment scale lays the foundation for modeling of water harvesting at mesoscale, which enables analysis of the potential and implications of upscaling of water harvesting practices for building resilience against climatic shocks. A complete water harvesting suitability study requires socioeconomic analysis and stakeholder consultation.
2016 - Report
Denna rapport är framtagen som del av ett forskningsprojekt som undersöke huruvida metoden resiliensanalys, ”Resilience Assessment”, är användbar och til hjälp inom kommunal förvaltning. Det är ett led i metodutveckling av resiliensanalysen. Resultaten avseende livsmedelsförsörjningen i Eskilstun kommun är vad som framkommit under processen och har inte varit själv forskningsfrågan. Eskilstuna kommuns arbete har letts av Lars Wiklund och Lars-Erik Dahlin. Från Stockholm Resilience Centre och Albaeco har arbetet letts av My Sellberg och Louise Hård af Segerstad.
2015 - Book chapter
Zoonotic diseases are the main contributor to emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and present a major threat to global public health. Bushmeat is an important source of protein and income for many African people, but bushmeat-related activities have been linked to numerous EID outbreaks, such as Ebola, HIV, and SARS. Importantly, increasing demand and commercialization of bushmeat is exposing more people to pathogens and facilitating the geographic spread of diseases. To date, these linkages have not been systematically assessed. Here we review the literature on bushmeat and EIDs for sub-Saharan Africa, summarizing pathogens (viruses, fungi, bacteria, helminths, protozoan, and prions) by bushmeat taxonomic group to provide for the first time a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge concerning zoonotic disease transmission from bushmeat into humans. We conclude by drawing lessons that we believe are applicable to other developing and developed regions and highlight areas requiring further research to mitigate disease risk.
2015 - Journal / article
Many production landscapes around the world have been sustained through appropriate use and management of natural resources, but many are now facing overuse or underuse. This paper explores future perspectives on the satoyama landscape (traditional Japanese rural landscape) as a social–ecological system through an overview of its transformation. Two phases in the human–nature relationship are observed: before the fossil fuel revolution of the late 1950s, people maintained a direct relationship with nature, and the landscape was integrally managed through community cooperation to avoid overuse; then, after the late 1950s, inflow of goods and services from outside and outflow of the population resulted in underuse of natural resources, and the human–nature relationship became weakened and more indirect. Rebuilding the human–nature relationship in the present day calls for efforts that go beyond the local level toward cross-scale, connected and coupled social–ecological systems.