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Three questions to:
I this video interview Henrik Österblom answers three questions about marine regime shifts: What are they?; Why are they important to understand?; and What are the research challenges when studying them?
Henrik Österblom is one of several researchers from the Stockholm Resilience Centre who contribute to the November 24 special issue of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society—Biological Sciences. Read the special issue here
Regime shifts are large and persistent (and often abrupt) changes in ecosystem structure and function. Often, they are associated with impacts on economies and well-being, due to for example fisheries declines, loss of tourism revenue, or the loss of resilience to climate change. Better understanding of regime shifts is important as they tend to be difficult to anticipate and costly to reverse.
Henrik Österblom is co-Deputy Science Director at Stockholm Resilience Centre and joint theme leader for the research theme Governance and ecosystem management of coastal and marine systems.