Half-moons - a soil and water conservation structure to improve crop yields – on a field with relatively high density of trees and shrubs in northern Burkina Faso. Photo: H. Sinare
In Niger, the tree cover has increased through farmer managed natural regeneration of trees and shrubs on fields in villages with established surveillance committees for trees on fields, or with a village chief showing leadership regarding the regeneration of trees. [Baggnian et al 2014]. This decentralization of control of tree management from the state to communities seems to be crucial for farmer managed regeneration of trees to work [Mikulčak 2011]. Land tenure influence tree management. Land ownership increase the likelihood that farmers plant trees, but does not influence if farmers protect naturally sprouting trees.
Farmers are knowledgeable of what the landscape provides and how the generation of these benefits are interlinked, but institutions at higher level might not integrate their work sufficiently. In Burkina Faso there seems to be a potential for integrated management as the responsibility for natural resources management is decentralized to the municipal level. But this decentralization is relatively new and the provincial, regional and national ministries are still separate for agriculture, livestock and environment [Sinare 2016].
Hanna Sinare is a postdoctoral researcher for GRAID working with synthesising SRC research on social-ecological systems, ecosystem services, and development in the West African Sahell.
Line Gordon is the deputy director and deputy science director at the Stockholm Resilience Centre. She is also assistant professor at the centre with a focus on freshwater resources, ecosystem services and food production
Elin Enfors Kautsky's research centers on pathways for transformative change towards sustainability, and she also leads a section of the GRAID programme, which focuses on operationalizing resilience thinking in practice.
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