It started with a farmer...
From a resilience perspective, changes come about through the facilitation of small-scale experiments which allow learning across disciplines and new initiatives to emerge. An example is what prompted farmers in Latin America to react when declining agricultural productivity due to land degradation hit their countries in the 1970s.
The farmers started experimenting with unconventional methods for land management, in particular low-till alternatives to plowing that enhanced soil organic matter and fertility.
What started as a successful experiment among individual farmers in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina eventually led to transformations of the entire farming system in Latin America, worthy of an agrarian revolution or social-ecological transformation. It resulted in major changes in land management practices, such as weed management, mulch farming and green manuring techniques.
“Society must seriously consider ways to foster resilience of smaller more manageable social-ecological systems that contribute to a more global resilience and transform systems that threaten this resilience. It involves breaking down the resilience of old, undesirable systems and habits, and replacing it with the resilience of new, sustainable ones", Carl Folke concludes.
Want to learn more?
See video seminar with Buzz Holling on resilience dynamics:
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