Key references

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Andersson, E, S. Barthel, and K. Arhné. 2007. Measuring socialecological dynamics behind the generation of ecosystem services. Ecological Applications 17:1267-1278.

Barthel, S., C. Folke, and J. Colding. 2010. Social-ecological memory in urban gardens: retaining the capacity for management of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 20:255-265.

Bodin, Ö., and B.I. Crona. 2008. Community-based management of natural resources: exploring the role of social capital and leadership in a rural fishing community. World Development 36:2763—2779.

Bodin, Ö., and B.I. Crona. 2009. The role of social networks in natural resource governance: what relational patterns make a difference? Global Environmental Change 19:366—374.

Boyd, E. 2008. Navigating Amazonia under uncertainty: learning from past and present forms of environmental governance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 363:1911-1916.

Boyd, E., and C. Folke. 2012. Adapting Institutions: Governance, Complexity and Social-Ecological Resilience. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 290 p.

Boyd, E., and B. Kjellen. In press. Enabling adaptation to global climate change: a polycentric institutional approach. Democratisation.

Colding, J., J. Lundberg, and C. Folke. 2006. Incorporating green-area user groups in urban ecosystem management. Ambio 35:237-244.

Crona, B., and Ö. Bodin. 2010. Power asymmetries in small-scale fisheries? a barrier to governance transformability? Ecology & Society 15(4):32.

Crona, B., M. Nyström, C. Folke, and N. Jiddawi. 2010. Middlemen, a critical social-ecological link in coastal communities of Kenya and Zanzibar. Marine Policy 34:761-771.

Duit, A., and V. Galaz. 2008. Governance and complexity: emerging issues for governance theory. Governance 21:311-335.

Ernstson, H., S. Sörlin, and T. Elmqvist. 2009. Social movements and ecosystem services: the role of social network structure in protecting and managing urban green areas in Stockholm. Ecology and Society 13 (2): 39.

Ernstson, H., S. Barthel, E. Andersson, and S.T. Borgström. 2010. Scale-crossing brokers and network governance of urban ecosystem services: the case of Stockholm. Ecology and Society 15(4): 28. http://

Fabricius C., C. Folke, G. Cundill, and L. Schultz. 2007. Powerless spectators, coping actors, and adaptive co-managers? a synthesis of the role of communities in ecosystem management. Ecology and Society 12(1):29.

Folke, C., T. Hahn, P. Olsson, and J. Norberg. 2005. Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 30:441-473.

Folke, C., Å. Jansson, J. Rockström, P. Olsson, S.R. Carpenter, F.S. Chapin, A.-S. Crepín, G. Daily, K. Danell, J. Ebbesson, T. Elmqvist, V.

Galaz, F. Moberg, M. Nilsson, H. Österblom, E. Ostrom, Å. Persson,

G. Peterson, S. Polasky, W. Steffen, B. Walker, and F. Westley. 2011. Reconnecting to the Biosphere. Ambio 40:719-738.

Galaz, V., B. Crona, H. Österblom, P. Olsson, and C. Folke. In press. Polycentric systems and interacting planetary boundaries: emerging governance of climate change - ocean acidification - marine biodiversity. Ecological Economics.

Galaz, V., F. Moberg, E.-K. Olsson, E. Paglia, and C. Parker. 2010. Institutional and political leadership dimensions of cascading ecological crises. Public Administration doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2010.01883.x

Hahn, T. 2011. Self-organized governance networks for ecosystem management: who is accountable? Ecology and Society 16(2):18.

Hahn T., P. Olsson, C. Folke, and K. Johansson. 2006. Trust-building, knowledge generation and organizational innovations: the role of a bridging organization for adaptive co-management of a wetland landscape around Kristianstad, Sweden. Human Ecology 34:573—592.

Huitema, D., E. Mostert, W. Egas, S. Moellenkamp, C. Pahl-Wostl, and R. Yalcin. 2009. Adaptive water governance: assessing the institutional prescriptions of adaptive (co-) management from a governance
perspective and defining a research agenda. Ecology and Society 14 (1): 26.

Malayang, B. S., T. Hahn, and P. Kumar. 2006. Chapter 9: Responses to ecosystem changes and their impacts on human well-being: lessons from sub-global assessments. Pages 203-226 in D. Capistrano,
C. Samper K., and C. Raudsepp-Hearne, editors. Ecosystems and human well-being: multiscale assessments, volume 4. Island Press, Washington, D.C., USA. [online] URL:

Kittinger, J.N., A. Dowling, A.R. Purves, N.A. Milne, and P. Olsson. 2010. Marine protected areas, multiple-agency management, and monumental surprise in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Journal of Marine Biology doi:10.1155/2011/241374

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and F. Berkes. 2004. Adaptive co-management for building resilience in social-ecological systems. Environmental Management 34:75-90.

Olsson P., C. Folke, V. Galaz, T. Hahn, and L. Schultz. 2007. Enhancing the fit through adaptive co-management: creating and maintaining bridging functions for matching scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve Sweden. Ecology and Society 12(1): 28.

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and T.P. Hughes. 2008. Navigating the transition to ecosystem-based management of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Proceedings National Academy of Sciences, USA 105:9489-9494.

Österblom, H., and U.R. Sumaila. 2011. Toothfish crises, actor diversity and the emergence of compliance mechanisms in the Southern Ocean. Global Environmental Change 21:972-982.

Österblom, H., U.R. Sumaila, Ö. Bodin, J. Hentati Sundberg, and A.J. Press. 2010. Adapting to regional enforcement: fishing down the governance index. PLoS ONE 5(9): e12832. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0012832

Plummer, R. 2009. The adaptive co-management process: an initial synthesis of representative models and influential variables. Ecology and Society 14(2): 24.

Schultz, L., A. Duit, and C. Folke. 2011. Participation, adaptive comanagement and management performance in the world network of Biosphere Reserves. World Development 39:662-671.

Schultz, L., C. Folke, and P. Olsson. 2007. Enhancing ecosystem management through social-ecological inventories: lessons from Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden. Environmental Conservation 34:140-152.

Stange, K., P. Olsson, and H. Österblom. In press. Managing organizational change in an international scientific network: a study of ICES reform processes. Marine Policy.

Stein, C., H. Ernstson, and J. Barron. 2011. A social network approach to analyzing water governance: the case of the Mkindo catchment, Tanzania. J. Phys. Chem. Earth doi:10.1016/j.pce.2011.07.083

Westley, F., P. Olsson, C. Folke, T. Homer-Dixon, H. Vredenburg, D. Loorbach, J. Thompson, M. Nilsson, E. Lambin, J. Sendzimir, B. Banerjee, V. Galaz, and S. van der Leeuw. 2011. Tipping toward sustainability: emerging pathways of transformation. Ambio 40:762-780.

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