Key references

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Biggs, R., T. Blenckner, C. Folke, L.J. Gordon, A. Norström, M. Nyström, and G.D. Peterson. In press. Regime shifts. In: Sourcebook in Theoretical Ecology. A. Hastings and L. Gross, editors. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Biggs R., S.R. Carpenter, and W.A. Brock. 2009a. Turning back from the brink: detecting an impending regime shift in time to avert it. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:826-831.

Biggs R., S.R. Carpenter, and W.A. Brock. 2009b. Spurious certainty: how ignoring measurement error and environmental heterogeneity may contribute to environmental controversies. BioScience 59:65-76.

Biggs R., F.R. Westley, and S.R. Carpenter. 2010. Navigating the back loop: fostering social innovation and transformation in ecosystem management. Ecology and Society 15(2):9. http://www.

Carpenter S.R., and R. Biggs. 2009. Freshwaters: managing across scales in space and time. Pages 197-220 in: Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. F.S .Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke, editors. Springer, New York.

Chapin, III, F.S., S.R. Carpenter, G. P. Kofinas, C. Folke, N. Abel, W.C. Clark, P. Olsson, D.M. Stafford Smith, B.H. Walker, O.R. Young, F. Berkes, R. Biggs, J.M. Grove, R.L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, W. Steffen, and F.J. Swanson. 2010. Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25:241-249

Crépin, A.-S. 2007. Using fast and slow processes to manage resources with thresholds. Environmental and Resource Economics 36:191-213. Crépin, A.-S., and T. Lindahl 2009. Grazing games: sharing common property resources with complex dynamics. Environmental and Resource Economics 44:29-46.

Crépin, A.-S., J. Norberg, and K.-G. Mäler. 2011. Coupled economic- ecological systems with slow and fast dynamics - modelling and analysis method. Ecological Economics. 70:1448-1458.

Enfors, E.I., and L.J. Gordon. 2008. Dealing with drought: the challenge of using water system technologies to break dryland poverty traps. Global Environmental Change 18:607-616.

Fischer, J., G.D. Peterson, T.A. Gardner, L.J. Gordon, I. Fazey, T. Elmqvist, A. Felton, C. Folke, and S. Dovers. 2009. Integrating resilience thinking and optimisation for conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 24:549-554.

Folke, C., Å. Jansson, J. Rockström, P. Olsson, S.R. Carpenter, F.S. Chapin, A.-S. Crepín, G. Daily, K. Danell, J. Ebbesson, T. Elmqvist, V. Galaz, F. Moberg, M. Nilsson, H. Österblom, E. Ostrom, Å. Persson, G. Peterson, S. Polasky, W. Steffen, B. Walker, and F. Westley. 2011. Reconnecting to the Biosphere. Ambio 40:719-738.

Folke, C., S.R. Carpenter, B.H. Walker, M. Scheffer, F.S. Chapin III, and J. Rockström. 2010. Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society 15(4): 20.

Galaz, V., F. Moberg, E.-K. Olsson, E. Paglia, and C. Parker. 2010. Institutional and political leadership dimensions of cascading ecological crises. Public Administration doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9299.2010.01883.x

Gelcich, S., T.P. Hughes, P. Olsson, C. Folke, O. Defeo, M. Fernandez, S. Foale, L.H. Gunderson, C. Rodriguez-Sickert, M. Scheffer, R.S. Steneck, and J.C. Castilla. 2010. Navigating transformations in governance of Chilean marine coastal resources. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107:16794-16799.

Gordon, L.J., G.D. Peterson, and E.M. Bennett. 2008. Agricultural modifications of hydrological flows create ecological surprises. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23:211-219.

Jansson, Å., and S. Polasky. 2010. Quantifying biodiversity for building resilience for food security in urban landscapes: getting down to business. Ecology and Society 15(3):20.

Lokrantz, J., M. Nyström, A. Norström, C. Folke, and J.E. Cinner. 2009. Impacts of artisanal fishing on key functional groups and the potential vulnerability of coral reefs. Environmental Conservation 36:327-337.

Mård Karlsson, J., A. Bring, G.D. Peterson, L.J. Gordon, and G. Destouni. 2011. Opportunities and limitations to detect climaterelated regime shifts in inland Arctic ecosystems through eco-hydrological monitoring. Environmental Research Letters 6:014015

Möllmann, C., T. Blenckner, M. Casini, A. Gardmark, and M. Lindegren. 2011. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder: management of Baltic cod stock requires an ecosystem approach. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 431:293-297.

Norström, A., M. Nyström, J. Lokrantz, and C. Folke. 2009. Alternative states on coral reefs: beyond coral-macroalgal phase shifts. Marine Ecology Progress Series 376:295-306.

Nyström, M., N. Graham, J. Lokrantz, and A. Norström. 2008.Capturing the cornerstones of coral reef resilience: linking theory to practice. Coral Reefs 27:795-809.

Olsson, P. 2007. The role of vision in framing adaptive co-management processes: lessons from Kristianstads Vattenrike, southern Sweden. In: Adaptive Co-Management: Collaboration, Learning and Multi-Level Governance. D. Armitage, F. Berkes, and N. Doubleday, editors. UBC Press, Vancouver, Canada.

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and T.P. Hughes. 2008. Navigating the transition to ecosystem-based management of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:9489-9494.

Olsson, P., Ö. Bodin, and C. Folke. 2010. Building transformative capacity in social-ecological systems: insights and challenges. In: Pages 263-286. Adaptive Capacity and Environmental Governance.

D. Armitage, and R. Plummer, editors. Springer Verlag, New York,. Österblom, H., A. Gårdmark, L. Bergström, B. Müller-Karulis, C. Folke, M. Lindegren, M. Casini, P. Olsson, R. Diekmann, T. Blenckner, C. Humborg, and C. Möllmann. 2010. Making the ecosystem approach operational - can regime shifts in ecological- and governance systems facilitate the transition? Marine Policy 34:1290-1299.

Österblom, H., S. Hansson, U. Larsson, O. Hjerne, F. Wulff, R. Elmgren, and C. Folke. 2007. Human-induced trophic cascades and ecological regime shifts in the Baltic Sea. Ecosystems 10:877-889.

Österblom, H., M. Sissenwine, D. Symes, M. Kadin, T. Daw, and C. Folke. 2011. Incentives, social—ecological feedbacks and European fisheries. Marine Policy 35:568—574.

Polasky, S., A. de Zeeuw, and F. Wagener. 2011. Optimal management with potential regime shifts. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 62:229-240.

Rocha J., R. Biggs, and G.D. Peterson. In press. Regime shifts. In: Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability: Ecosystem Management and Sustainability. Berkshire Publishing, Gt Barrington, MA, USA.

Rockström, J., W.L. Steffen, K. Noone, Å. Persson, F.S. Chapin, E.F. Lambin, T.M. Lenton, M. Scheffer, C. Folke, H.J. Schellnhuber, B. Nykvist, C.A. de Wit, T.P. Hughes, Z. van der Leeuw, H. Rodhe, S. Sörlin, P. K. Snyder, R. Constanza, U. Svedin, M. Falkenmark, L. Karlberg, R.W. Correll, V.J. Fabry, J. Hansen, B.H. Walker, D. Liverman, K. Richardson, P.J. Crutzen, and J.A. Foley. 2009. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461:472-475.

Steffen, W., Å. Persson, L. Deutsch, J. Zalasiewicz, M. Williams, K. Richardson, C. Crumley, P. Crutzen, C. Folke, L. Gordon, M. Molina, V. Ramanathan, J. Rockström, M. Scheffer, H.J. Schellnhuber, and U. Svedin. 2011. The Anthropocene: from global change to planetary stewardship. Ambio 40:739-761.

Steneck, R.S., T.P. Hughes, J.E. Cinner, W.N. Adger, S.N. Arnold, S.A. Boudreau, K. Brown, F. Berkes, C. Folke, L. Gunderson, P. Olsson, M. Scheffer, E. Stephenson, B. Walker, J. Wilson, and B. Worm. 2011. Creation of a gilded trap by the high economic value of the Maine lobster fishery. Conservation Biology 25:904-912.

Tomczak, M.T., B. Muller-Karulis, L. Jarv, J. Kotta, G. Martin, A. Minde, A. Pollumae, A. Razinkovas, S. Strake, M. Bucas, and T. Blenckner. 2009. Analysis of trophic networks and carbon flows in south-eastern Baltic coastal ecosystems. Progress in Oceanography

Walker B.H., L. Pearson, M. Harris, K.G. Mäler, L. Chuan-Zhong, R. Biggs, and T. Baynes. 2010. Incorporating resilience in the assessment of Inclusive Wealth: An example from South East Australia. Environmental and Resource Economics 45:183-202.

Westley, F., P. Olsson, C. Folke, T. Homer-Dixon, H. Vredenburg, D. Loorbach, J. Thompson, M. Nilsson, E. Lambin, J. Sendzimir, B. Banarjee, V Galaz, and S. van der Leeuw. 2011. Tipping towards sustainability: emerging pathways of transformation. Ambio 40:762- 780.

Earlier regime shift related papers by SRC researchers
Bellwood, D., T. Hughes, C. Folke, and M. Nyström. 2004. Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature 429:827-833.

Crépin, A.-S. 2003. Multiple-species boreal forests: what Faustmann missed. Environmental and Resource Economics 26:624-646.

Folke, C., S.R. Carpenter, B. Walker, M. Scheffer, T. Elmqvist, L. Gunderson, and C.S. Holling. 2004. Regime shifts, resilience and biodiversity in ecosystem management. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35:557-581.

Nyström, M., C. Folke, and F. Moberg. 2000. Coral reef disturbance and resilience in a human dominated environment. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:413-417.

Olsson, P., C. Folke, and T. Hahn. 2004. Social-ecological transformation for ecosystem management: the development of adaptive comanagement of a wetland landscape in southern Sweden. Ecology and Society 9(4):2.

Olsson, P., L.H. Gunderson, S.R. Carpenter, P. Ryan, L. Lebel, C. Folke, and C. S. Holling. 2006. Shooting the rapids: navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11(1):18.

Scheffer, M., S.R. Carpenter, J.A. Foley, C. Folke, and B.H. Walker. 2001. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 413:591-596.

Troell, M., L. Pihl, P. Rönnbäck, H. Wennhage, T. Söderqvist, and N. Kautsky. 2005. Regime shifts and ecosystem service generation in Swedish coastal soft bottom habitats: when resilience is undesirable. Ecology and Society 10(1):30.

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