Governance of marine resources is increasingly characterized by
integrated, cross sectoral and ecosystem based approaches. Such
approaches require that existing governing bodies have an ability to
adapt to ecosystem dynamics, while also providing transparent and
Here, we investigate how the Baltic Marin Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), the international governin body for the Baltic Sea, could improve its prospects for working with the ecosystem approach, drawing from the literature on adaptive governance. We construct an ideal type of adaptive governance to which we compare the way in which HELCOM is operating and relate thes dynamics to two other international marine environment governanc organizations, the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisherie and Food Security (CTI-CFF) and the Commission for the Conservation o Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR).
We conclude that HELCO deviates from an ideal type of adaptive governance in several ways bu also that the other two case studies provide empirical support fo potential ways in which HELCOM could improve its adaptive capacity. Ke aspects where HELCOM could improve include increasing stakeholder participation – both in information sharing and decision making.
Further, HELCOM need to develop evaluation mechanisms, secure compliance
to improve adaptive capacity and organizational effectiveness, which
entails the development of structures for conflict resolution. Finally,
HELCOM need to increase communication and harmonization between
different levels of authority.
Research news | 2018-07-10
The World in 2050 initiative launches new report outlining synergies and benefits that render the goals achievable
Educational news | 2018-07-02
LEAP our leadership programme designed for changemakers that want to lead social-ecological transformations to sustainability. Application deadline is 5 August 2018.
Research news | 2018-06-27
Overfishing, fractured international relationships and political conflicts loom as fish migrate more unpredictably because of climate change. Here is how to deal with it
Research news | 2018-06-26
Profit-maximizing approaches are most likely to produce outcomes that harm people or the environment. But it depends on the circumstances whether a sustainable or a safe approach is most suitable, new study argues
General news | 2018-06-20
Will lead a redesign of the organisational structure at the centre
Research news | 2018-06-20
New book chapter looks into the economic, cultural and ecological reasons why some people leave the fisheries and aquaculture sector, and what could be done to reverse the trend