Dr. Robert Costanza is Professor of Sustainability and director of the Institute for Sustainable Solutions at Portland State University. He is also co-founder and former president of the International Society for Ecological Economics and editor-in-chief and co-founder of the journal Solutions.
Costanza's research has focused on the interface between ecological and economic systems, particularly at larger temporal and spatial scales. This includes landscape-level spatial simulation modeling; analysis of energy and material flows through economic and ecological systems; valuation of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and natural capital; and the analysis and correction of dysfunctional incentive systems.
He is the author or co-author of over 400 scientific papers and 20 books; and his work has been cited in more than 5,000 scientific articles. Reports on his work have appeared in several outlets including Newsweek, Time, The Economist, The New York Times, Science, Nature, National Geographic, and National Public Radio.
In September 2000 he was awarded Doctor of Philosophy honoris causa, Stockholm University, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science.