The title of Jessica’s PhD project is ‘Navigating International Conflicts in the Governance of Shared Stocks’. Her project seeks to understand where, why, and with what social-ecological consequences international conflicts over shared fish stocks occur. The project merges global-scale database analyses with case study approaches to combine the strength of global descriptive understandings of conflicts with in-depth analytical insights. The findings are combined with existing scenarios for climate change, which will be used to explore high-risk areas for future conflict. This understanding will enable the development of recommendations for: how to cope with and adapt to change, how to reduce the risk of conflict, and increase the prospects for sustainable, equitable use of shared marine resources.
Jessica Spijkers is a cotutelle PhD student enrolled at both the Stockholm Resilience Center and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (James Cook University, Australia). She holds a Master of Arts in European Studies (completed at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium) and a Master of Science in Sustainability from the Stockholm Resilience Centre’s programme social-ecological resilience for sustainable development (completed at the Stockholm University, Sweden).
Jessica is a Nereus fellow. The Nereus Program is a global interdisciplinary initiative created to further our knowledge of how best to attain sustainability for the world’s oceans.
Awards and achievements:
2017 - Journal / article
Future impacts of climate change on marine fisheries have the potential to negatively influence a wide range of socio-economic factors, including food security, livelihoods and public health, and even to reshape development trajectories and spark transboundary conflict. Yet there is considerable variability in the vulnerability of countries around the world to these effects. We calculate a vulnerability index of 147 countries...
2017 - Journal / article
A recurrent critique of the proposition of a causal relation between environmental change and social conflict is that it fails to account for the complexities and dynamics of processes of social-ecological change. In this article, we open the black box of contextual factors that influence the causal pathway from environmental change to social conflict. Firstly, we argue for the consideration of three social factors that influe...
2016 - Journal / article
Fishery reform in North America and Europe has substantially improved the prospects for recovery of ecosystems affected by overfishing. Costello et al. (1) draw from lessons learnt and suggest, in their view, commonsense approaches for improved resource management, including fishing to maximize long-term catch and rights-based fishery management approaches that optimize economic values. They identify global prospects by 2050 a...