Publications by Thomas Elmqvist

Hedström, I., and Elmqvist, T. 1984. Prepona butterflies (Nymphalidae) and Holopyga (Scarabaeidae) on the same food source during the neotropical dry season-a case of commensalism? Rev. Biol. Trop. 32:313-316.

Danell, K., Elmqvist, T., Ericson, L., and Salomonson, A. 1985. Sexuality in willows and preferences by bark-eating voles: defence or not?. Oikos 44:82-90.

Ågren, J., Elmqvist, T., and Tunlid, A. 1986. Pollination by deceit, floral sex ratios and seed set in dioecious Rubus chamaemorus L. Oecologia (Berl.) 70:332-338.

Danell, K., Elmqvist, T., Ericson, L., and Salomonson, A. 1987. Are there general patterns in bark-eating by voles on different shoot types from woody plants? Oikos 50:396-402.

Elmqvist, T. 1987. Sexual dimorphism in two boreal dioecious plants in relation to herbivores and pollinators. Doctoral dissertation, Umeå Universitet.

Elmqvist, T., Ericson, L., Danell, K. and Salomonson, A. 1987. Flowering, shoot production and vole bark herbivory in a boreal willow. Ecology 68:1623-1629.

Elmqvist, T., Ericson, L., Danell, K. and Salomonson, A. 1988. Latitudinal variation in sex ratios in willows, Salix spp. and gradients in vole herbivory. Oikos 51:259-256.

Elmqvist, T., and Gardfjell, H. 1988. Differences in response to defoliation between males and females of Silene dioica (L.) Clairv. Oecologia (Berl.).77:225-230

Elmqvist, T., Ågren, J., and Tunlid, T. 1988. Sexual dimorphism and between-year variation in flowering, fruit set and pollinator behaviour in a boreal willow. Oikos 53:58-66.

Bräutigam, A., and Elmqvist, T. 1990 Conserving Pacific island flying foxes. Oryx 24:81-89.
Cox, P. A., Elmqvist, T. and Tomlinson, P. B. 1990. Submarine pollination and reproductive morphology  in Syringodium filiforme (Cymodoceaceae). Biotropica 22:259-265.

Carlsson, U., Elmqvist, T., Wennström, A., and Ericson, L. 1990. Infection by pathogens and  population age of host plants. J. Ecol 78:1094-1105.

Cox, P. A., Elmqvist, T., Rainey, W. E. and Pierson, E. D. 1991. Flying foxes as pollinators and seed dispersers in Pacific Island ecosystems. Biol. Rep. 23:18-26.

Cox, P. A. and Elmqvist, T. 1991. Indigenous control of rain forest preserves: an alternative strategy for conservation.  Ambio vol 20:7 pp. 317-321.

Cox, P. A., Elmqvist, T., Rainey, E. E. and Pierson, E. D.  1991. Flying foxes as strong interactors in South Pacific Island ecosystems: A conservation Hypothesis. Conservation Biology vol 5:448-454.

Elmqvist, T., Cates, R. G. , Harper, J. K. and Gardfjell, H. 1991. Flowering in males and females of a Utah willow, Salix rigida and effects on growth, phenolic glycosides, tannins and sugars. Oikos 61:65-72.

Carlsson, U., and Elmqvist, T. 1992. Epidemiology of the anther-smut disease Microbotryum violaceum and numeric regulation of populations of  Silene dioica. Oecologia 90:509-517.

Danell, K., Hjälten, J., Ericson, L., and Elmqvist, T. 1991. Vole feeding on male and female willow shoots along a gradient of plant productivity. Oikos 62:145-152.

Ericson, L., Elmqvist, T., Danell, K., Jakobsson, J., and Salomonson, A. 1992. Age structure in boreal willow populations and fluctuations in herbivore populations. Proc. Roy. Bot. Soc. Edin. 98B

Elmqvist, T., Cox. P. A. Rainey, W. E. and Pierson E. D. 1992. Restricted pollination on oceanic islands: dystrophic pollination of Ceiba pentandra by flying foxes in Samoa. Biotropica 24:15-23

Cox, P. A. and Elmqvist, T. 1993. Ecocolonialism and indigenous knowledge systems: village controlled rainforest preserves in Samoa. Pac. Cons. Biol. 1: 6-13.

Elmqvist, T., Dengyi, L., and Carlsson, U. 1993 Anther-smut infection in  Silene dioica: variation in floral morphology and patterns of spore deposition. Oikos 68:207-216.

Nilsson, M., Elmqvist, T., and Carlsson, U. 1994. Use of near infrared reflectance spectrometry (NIR) and multivariate data analysis to detect anther-smut disease (Microbotryum violaceum) in Silene dioica. Phytopathology 84:764-770.

Elmqvist, T, Rainey, W. E. Pierson, E. D. and Cox, P. A. 1994. The effects of two tropical cyclones on a lowland rain forest in Samoa. Biotropica 26(4)384-391.

Rainey, W. E., Pierson, E. D. Elmqvist, T. and Cox, P. A. 1995. The role of Pteropodids in oceanic island ecosystems of the Pacific. Ecology, evolution and Behaviour of bats. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 67:47-61.

Pierson, E. D., Elmqvist, T., Rainey, W. E., and Cox, P. A.. 1996. The impact of tropical cyclones on the flying fox populations of Samoa. Conservation Biology 10:438-451.

Elmqvist, T and Cox, P.A. 1996. The evolution of vivipary in flowering plants. Oikos 77:3-9.
Burdon, J. J. and Elmqvist, T. 1996. Selective sieves in the epidemiology of Melampsora lini.
Plant Path. 45:933-943.

Burdon, J. J. Wennström, A., Elmqvist, T, and Kirby, G. 1996. The role of race specific resistance in natural populations. Oikos 76:411-415.

Cox, P.A. and Elmqvist, T. 1997. Ecocolonialism and village controlled preserves in Samoa. Ambio 26(2):84-89.

Ågren, J., Danell, K., Elmqvist, T., Ericson, L., Hjältén, J. 1998. Sexual dimorphism and biotic interactions. In: Geber, M., Dawson, T. and Delph, L. (eds.) Sexual dimorphism in flowering plants. Springer Verlag.

Carlsson, U., Elmqvist, T., Ågren, J, and Gardfjell, H. 1998. Floral sex ratios, disease and seed set in dioecious Silene dioica (L.) Clairv.  J. Ecol 86:79-91

Elmqvist, T. 1999. Plant Biodiversity: Ecological and Evolutionary perspectives. Proc. Phytochem Soc. 43. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Elmqvist, T. 1999. Is there a pollination crisis? — a global overview. Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademien 138:3. pp 9-17.

Elmqvist, T. 2000. Comments on "Cross-cultural conflicts in fire management in northern Australia: not so black and white" by Alan Andersen. Conservation Ecology 4(1): 3. [online] URL:

Cox, P.A. and Elmqvist, T. 2000. Pollination extinction in the Pacific Islands. Conservation Biology 14:1237-1239.

Liow, L.H. Sodhi,N. S. and Elmqvist, T. 2001. Bee diversity along a disturbance gradient in tropical lowland forests of south-east Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology 38:180-192.
Hjärpe, J. Hedenås, H and. Elmqvist, T. 2001. Tropical rain forest recovery from cyclone and forest fire in Samoa. Biotropica 33:2

Elmqvist, T. Wall. M. Berggren A-L. Blix, L. Fritioff, Å, Rinman, U. 2002. Tropical forest reorganization after cyclone and fire disturbance in Samoa:  Remnant trees as biological legacies. Conservation Ecology 5(2).

Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Elmqvist, T., Gunderson, L., Holling, C.S., Walker, B., Bengtsson, J., Berkes, F., Colding, J., Danell, K., Falkenmark, M., Moberg, M., Gordon, L., Kaspersson, R., Kautsky, N., Kinzig, A., Levin, S.A., Mäler, K.-G., Ohlsson, L., Olsson, P., Ostrom, E., Reid, W., Rockström, J., Savenije, S. and Svedin, U. 2002. Resilience and sustainable development: building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations. ICSU Series on Science for Sustainable Development No. 3, 2002. International Council for Scientific Unions, Paris.

Folke, C, Carpenter, S. Elmqvist, T, Holling, C.S. and Gunderson, L. 2002. Resilience and Sustainable Development:Building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations. Ambio 31:437-440.

Giday M, Asfaw Z, Elmqvist, T and Woldu, Z. (2003) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Zay people in Ethiopia. J Ethopharmacology8543-52

Lingard M., Nivo R., Rabakonandrianina E., Rakotoarisoa J.A., Elmqvist T. (2003) The role of local taboos in conservation and management of species: the Sokake or radiated tortoise (Geochelone radiata) in southern Madagascar.Conservation and Society 1(2): 223-246

Bengtsson J., Angelstam P., Elmqvist T., Emanuelsson U., Folke C., Ihse M., Moberg F., Nyström M. 2003. Reserves, resilience and dynamic landscapes. Ambio 32: 389-396.

Colding J., Folke C., Elmqvist T. 2003 Social institutions in ecosystem management and biodiversity conservation. Tropical Ecology 44(1): 25-41.

Elmqvist T, Folke, C, Nyström M, Peterson, G, Bengtsson, J, Walker, B, and J Norberg. 2003. Response diversity, ecosystem change, and resilience. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(9) 488-494.

Elmqvist T. 2004. The forgotten dry forest of southern Madagascar. Plant Talk 35: 29-31
Folke C, Carpenter SR, Walker B, Scheffer M, Elmqvist T, Gunderson L, Holling CS. 2004 Regime shifts, resilience and biodiversity in ecosystem management. Annual Review in Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35: 557-581.

Elmqvist T., Colding J., Barthel S., Duit A., Borgström J., Lundberg J., Andersson E., Ahrné K., Ernstson H., Bengtsson J., Folke C. 2004 The dynamics of social-ecological systems in urban landscapes: Stockholm and the National Urban Park, Sweden. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1023: 308-322  

Elmqvist T, Berkes F, Folke C, Angelstam P, Crepín A-S, Nimelä J. 2004 The Dynamics of Ecosystems, Biodiversity Management and Social Institutions at High Northern Latitudes. Ambio 33: 350-355  

Chapin FS, Peterson G, Berkes F, Callaghan TV, Angelstam P, Apps M, Beier C, Bergeron Y, Crepin A-S, Elmqvist T, Folke C, Forbes B, Fresco N, Juday G, , Niemelä J, Shvidenko A, Whiteman G. 2004 Resilience and vulnerability of Northern regions to social and environmental change. Ambio 33: 344-349.

Barthel, S., J. Colding, T. Elmqvist and C. Folke 2005. History and Local Management of a Biodiversity-rich, Urban, Cultural Landscape. Ecology and Society 10 (2): 10. [online] URL:

Kasperson, Roger E., Kirstin Dow, Emma R.M. Archer, Daniel Ca´ceres, Thomas E. Downing, Tomas
Elmqvist, Siri Eriksen, Carl Folke, Guoyi Han, Kavita Iyengar, Coleen Vogel, Kerrie Ann Wilson, Gina Ziervogel. 2005. Vulnerable Peoples and Places. Vol.  6 Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current State and Trends. pp 143-164. Washington, DC: Island Press.

McGranahan, G., Peter Marcotullio Xuemei Bai, Deborah Balk, Tania Braga, Ian Douglas, Thomas Elmqvist, William Rees, David Satterthwaite, Jacob Songsore, Hania Zlotnik. 2005.  Urban Systems. Vol. 27. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Current State and Trends. pp 795-825. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Bodin, Ö, M Tengö, A Norman, J Lundberg, and T Elmqvist. 2006. The value of small size: loss of forest patches and thresholds in southern Madagascar. Ecological Applications 16:440—451.

Janssen, M. A., Ö. Bodin, J. M. Anderies, T. Elmqvist, H. Ernstson, R. R. J. McAllister, P. Olsson, and P. Ryan. 2006. A network perspective on the resilience of social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11 (1): 15. [online] URL:

Kinzig, A. P., P. Ryan, M. Etienne, H. Allison, T. Elmqvist, and B. H. Walker. 2006. Resilience and regime shifts: assessing cascading effects. Ecology and Society 11(1): 20. [online] URL:

Borgström, S., T. Elmqvist, P. Angelstam, and C. Alfsen-Norodom. 2006. Scale Mismatches in management of Urban Landscapes. Ecology and Society 11(2):16.
Elmqvist, T. Pyykönen, M., Tengö, M., Rakotondrasoa F., Rabakonandrianina, E., and Radimilahy, C.2007.

Patterns of loss and regeneration of tropical dry forest in Madagascar: the social institutional context. PLoSONE (in press)

Tengö, M., Johansson, K., Rakotoandrosoa, F., Lundberg, J,  Andriamaherilala, J.-A., Rakotoarisoa, J-A., Elmqvist, T. 2007. Taboos and forest governance: informal protection of hot spot dry forest in southern Madagascar Ambio (in press).

Elmqvist, T, Alfsen, C., and Colding, J.  2007. Urban Systems. In: Encyclopedia of Ecology, Springer Verlag (in press).

Chapin, T., Danell, K., Elmqvist, T., Folke, C., Fresco, N. 2007.  Managing Climate Change Impacts to Enhance Resilience and Sustainability of Fennoscandian Forests. Ambio (in press).

Elmqvist, T., 2008, Social-ecological systems in transition: Lessons from a Symposium on Society, Natural Resources and Development in Madagascar held at the University of East Anglia in March 2007. Environmental Sciences Vol. 5, No. 2: 1—3.
Elmqvist T., Alfsen C., Colding J., 2008, Urban Systems. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Editors), Ecosystems. Vol. [5] of Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols., Elsevier Oxford, 3665-3672.
Chapters in Books and popular articles (since 2000)
Elmqvist, T. 2000. Biodiversity in Managed Landscapes. Ecological Economics (bookreview) Elmqvist, T. 2000. Indigenous institutions, resilience and failure of co-management of rain forest preserves in Samoa. IASCP, Bloomington, Indiana.

Elmqvist, T. 2001. Reservat i en dynamisk värld. I F. Sjöberg (red.) Vad ska vi med naturen till?. Doxa.
Elmqvist, T. 2001. Den mångsidiga torven. I I.Svanberg, H.Tunón, B. Pettersson (red.) Människan, växterna och djuren. Wahlströms förlag.

Colding J., Elmqvist T., Olsson P. (2003) Living with disturbances: building resilience in social-ecological
systems. pp. 163-186 in Berkes F., Colding, J., Folke, C. (ed);Navigating Social-Ecological Systems. Building Resilience for Complexity and Change Cambridge University Press Cambridge
Popular Science Publications:

Elmqvist T., Norberg J. 2005. Klimatförändring ritar om utbredningskartan. S. 29-40 i Johansson. B (red.) Formas Fokuserar: Bevara arter - till vilket pris? Forskningsrådet Formas. (Climate Change—re-drawing the species boundaries)

Elmqvist T, Johannesson K. 2005. Biologisk mångfald — inte bara arter. S. 41-50  i  Johansson. B (red.) Formas Fokuserar: Bevara arter - till vilket pris? Forskningsrådet Formas. (Biodiversity—it´s not just species!)

Ernstson, H., Sörlin, S., Elmqvist, T., 2008, Social Movements and Ecosystem Services; the Role of Social Network Structure in Protecting and Managing Urban Green Areas in Stockholm. Ecology and Society 13 (2): 39. [online] URL:

Lundberg, J., Andersson, E., Cleary, G., Elmqvist, T., 2008, Linkages Beyond Borders: Targeting Spatial Processes in Fragmented Urban Landscapes. Landscape Ecology DOI 10.1007/s10980-008-9232-9.

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