A new centre publication presents seven principles that are considered crucial for uilding resilience in social-ecological systems and discusses how these principles can be practically applied. Download the publication here

Introductory reading

Applying resilience thinking

New easy introduction to the seven principles crucial for building resilient systems

With the resilience concept omnipresent in sustainability research and policy-making, there is a risk of it turning into a buzzword void of substance and lost of meaning.

The Stockholm Resilience Centre has previously produced the extremely popular publication called What is resilience?PDF (pdf, 2 MB) which gives the reader a general introduction to the thinking behind resilience and social-ecolocial systems.

Now, a new popular science publication has been produced, this time explaining the principles needed to be considered when applying resilience thinking.

The 20-page publication, entitled Applying resilience thinking – Seven principles for building resilience in social-ecological systemsPDF (pdf, 1.4 MB), presents a set of seven principles that are considered crucial for building resilience in social-ecological systems and discusses how these principles can be practically applied. The seven principles are 1) maintain diversity and redundancy, 2) manage connectivity, 3) manage slow variables and feedbacks, 4) foster complex adaptive systems thinking, 5) encourage learning, 6) broaden participation, and 7) promote polycentric governance systems.

Each principle is presented along with an example of how it has been applied.

Download the publication herePDF (pdf, 1.4 MB)

Based on a Cambridge University book
The publication is a popular summary of the book “Principles for Building Resilience: Sustaining Ecosystem Services in Social-Ecological Systems”, published by Cambridge University Press (2014). This book, in turn, expands on the comprehensive review "Towards principles for enhancing the resilience of ecosystem services" published in the journal Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources (2012). Both these publications reviewed and assessed the different social and ecological factors that have been proposed to enhance resilience of social-ecological systems and the ecosystem services they produce.


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Stockholm Resilience Centre

Stockholm University, Kräftriket 2B | Phone: +46 8 674 70 70 | info@stockholmresilience.su.se
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